One of the most renowned Native American warriors to have ever lived was Crazy Horse. He helped the “Oglala Lakota” tribe repel many federal government raids in the middle of the 19th century. As a result, he gained respect from both his adversaries and the indigenous tribes. In an effort to protect the “Lakota” way of life that was being endangered by the immigrants, he took part in a number of historically notable American Indian warfare, mostly on the northern plains of America, such as the “Fetterman Massacre.” He is a part of oral history even if much of his early years have not been adequately documented. He allegedly began commanding his army in battle well before he was 20. When he was in his mid-30s, in 1877, he gave himself up. His passing was very contentious, and the exact reason why he died is still up for debate. Since Crazy Horse was never photographed, there are no reliable images of him. The American government recognized him in 1982 by including him on a postage stamp from the “Great Americans” series.
Early Childhood & Life
In the vicinity of South Dakota, Crazy Horse was born “Cha-O-Ha,” which means “In the Wilderness.” While his exact date and year of birth are unknown, it is almost clear that he was born between 1840 and 1845. His parents came from the ‘Lakota’ sub-tribes that belonged to the ‘Sioux’ confederacy. When he was little, his father’s nickname was “Crazy Horse” as well. Because of his light, curly hair, his mother had given him the nickname “Curly” or “Light Hair.”
All tribe members revered and admired his father, who was a recognized medicine man in the community. Crazy Horse was praised as a future warrior by the tribe’s elders despite having a lower frame than ordinary and lighter skin than usual since he was destined to be a warrior. He felt a little out of place among the other tribe members his age because of these slightly unique physical characteristics.
The ‘Lakota’ was one of the ‘Sioux’ confederacy’s most well-liked subgroups, and they controlled a huge area of the country that spanned from the Missouri River to the Bighorn Mountains. They had very little contact with white people and lived a very secluded, happy life, but when disputes arose, they had little choice but to defend their territories.
The Conflicts’ Initiation
Most of the time, the “Lakota” people enjoyed peaceful lives. The 1850s saw the onset of the turmoil as white immigrants began to arrive on their territory in search of gold. The whites began to settle in. When military forces were brought to the plains, conflicts started. The “Lakota” way of life was hampered by the white people’s introduction of their own way of life. Even diseases were brought by the whites.
The start of a tragic and brutal conflict was in the year 1854. After a native accidentally killed a white migrant’s cow, Lieutenant John Grattan and a small white force entered the “Sioux” camps. Some men were taken prisoner by the whites.
Conquering Bear, the tribe’s self-respecting chief rejected this, and violence broke out as a result. The tribe’s warriors became outraged when one of Grattan’s troops managed to kill the tribe chief. They assassinated Grattan and all 30 of his men in retaliation. The infamous “Grattan Massacre” is what is known as this incident.
The “Grattan Massacre” sparked a full-scale conflict between the “Lakota” tribe and the US government. Even though Crazy Horse was still a young man at the time, the episode convinced him that white people were evil and should be eliminated.
Early in the 1860s, Crazy Horse had grown to be a strong young man and had established himself as one of Sitting Bull, the leader of his tribe must,’s important allies. They engaged in a number of conflicts together. Crazy Horse soon took command of his own army to battle the whites.
He commanded a small army against William J. Fetterman’s squad of 80 men in one of his most impressive wins. The “Fetterman Massacre” consequently turned into a humiliating incident for the American elite. The locals repeatedly defeated the whites, demonstrating that there was little difference between their traditional fighting techniques and the whites’ sophisticated weapons.
The boldness of the locals shocked the government, which forced it to reach a solution. The “Fort Laramie Treaty” was consequently signed in 1868. The pact ensured that the “Lakota” people would maintain all of their rights on their most crucial lands, which included the strategically critical Black Hills territory.
However, Crazy Horse felt that this was insufficient. He was fully opposed to the white people despite knowing that his tribe’s integrity was in jeopardy. This was sufficient for him to carry on fighting against racial supremacy.
Because of his capacity to survive even the most vicious attacks on him, Crazy’s tribesmen looked up to him as a mythical person. Crazy was always uncompromising on the battlefield. He never consented to be photographed and he never signed any papers. He just cared that his culture and all of his land would be preserved for his people.
There was very little likelihood of a peace accord being initiated, despite the indigenous’ best efforts. The government supported white explorers after learning of numerous gold mines. Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull persisted in their war efforts and refused to sign any agreements that may have compromised their cultural heritage, even slightly.
Crazy commanded a group of 1200 ‘Cheyenne’ and ‘Oglala’ warriors in a battle against General George Crook in June 1876. Crook was trying to attack Sitting Bull’s camp near the Little Bighorn River. The whites were driven off after a bloody battle, and the locals recaptured their territory. The indigenous’ biggest triumph over white Americans was this one.
Together, Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull attacked Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and his cavalry, which was among the most well-known and admired among the white forces. Whites were wiped out by the locals, who therefore achieved a significant tactical and moral victory.
Crazy Horse’s Failure
After Custer was routed, the US Army assembled all of its resources and launched an assault against the “Lakota” people, which was not a good indication. Sitting Bull opted to avoid a conflict because the indigenous were vastly outnumbered and instead led his tribal members across the border into Canada. Crazy Horse, on the other hand, refused to go and assembled the last of his fighters to take on the US forces.
Because of the prolonged and exhausting battle, Crazy Horse’s warriors were running out of food. They had grown weary of fighting for no apparent gain. They began leaving him as a result, and when Crazy Horse realized it was all over, he made the decision to give up.
He presented himself to Fort Robinson in Nebraska. However, at about that time, his wife became ill. Though he was forbidden from leaving the prison, Crazy Horse yearned to be with her.
He was injured to his kidney during the struggle with the officers, and on September 5, 1877, he passed away. When he passed away, his father was by his side.
Crazy Horse’s Legacy
Crazy Horse is a man who is highly regarded and honored. There is a “Crazy Horse Memorial” in South Dakota, and a number of movies, including “Chief Crazy Horse” from 1955, were based on his bravery and life.
The 1982 “Great Americans” postage stamp series included stamps bearing his name that were produced by the American government.
Estimated Net Worth
The $200 million net worth of Canadian singer-songwriter and musician Neil Young. The skilled multi-instrumentalist Neil Young is most recognized for his folk-rock compositions.
Neil Young has established himself as one of the most well-known and financially successful musicians of all time after a long career spanning many decades and numerous album releases.