### Euclid was a brilliant mathematician from Greece. Although little is known about his early and personal life, he became recognized as the “Father of Geometry” for his contributions to mathematics. Euclid is believed to have taught mathematics in Ancient Egypt during the reign of Ptolemy I. From its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century, he created ‘Elements,’ one of the most influential mathematical works of all time, which functioned as the principal textbook for teaching mathematics. For over 2000 years, elements have piqued the interest of Western scientists and mathematicians all around the world. Euclid developed his theorems, definitions, and axioms using a synthetic technique.’ Apart from becoming a tutor at the Alexandria library, Euclid created and organized the various aspects of mathematics, such as Porisms, geometric systems, infinite values, factorizations, and the congruence of shapes, which shaped Euclidian Geometry. Pythagoras, Aristotle, Eudoxus, and Thales, to name a few, all inspired his work.

## Childhood and Adolescence

Euclid’s origins are unknown, however, he is thought to have been born in Tyre in the year 330 B.C. According to the narratives of several Arabic authors, he hailed from a wealthy family. His grandpa was Zenarchus, while his father was “Naucrates.”

He was claimed to be a Greek who was born in Tyre and spent his entire life in Damascus. However, there is no conclusive proof that he was the same person as Euclid of Alexandria, who is frequently mistaken for Euclid of Megara, another philosopher who lived around Plato’s time.

Due to the scarcity of biographical information for this time period, many researchers argue that Euclid may not have been at all and that his writings were instead created by a group of mathematicians under the name Euclid. Scholars, however, have once again dismissed this notion, citing a lack of substantial evidence.

He is also supposed to have attended Plato’s ancient school in Athens, which was solely open to the wealthy. He received his mathematical education from Plato’s students.

## Career of Euclid

From the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century, Euclid’s ‘Elements’ is considered one of the most significant works in the history of mathematics. During this time, it was used as the primary textbook for teaching mathematics.

From a modest set of axioms, he deduced the principles of ‘Euclidean geometry’ in his Elements. Euclid authored works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory, and rigor, among other subjects.

There are at least five works of Euclid that have survived to this day, in addition to his most famous work, ‘Elements.’ They appear to adhere to the same logical framework as Elements. They are ‘Data,’ ‘On Figure Divisions,’ ‘Catoptrics,’ ‘Phenomena,’ and ‘Optics.’

There are a few other works attributed to Euclid that have been lost, in addition to the ones mentioned above. ‘Conics,’ ‘Pseudaria,’ ‘Porisms,’ ‘Surface Loci,’ and ‘On the Heavy and the Light’ are among these works.

## The Elements of Euclid

‘Elements’ is a 13-book mathematical and geometric treatise published in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt, around 300 BC by this famous ancient Greek mathematician.

The ‘Elements’ of Euclid are a set of definitions, postulates, theorems, and constructions, as well as mathematical proofs of the premises. Euclidean geometry and ancient Greek elementary number theory are covered in all 13 books.

It also incorporates geometric algebra, which aids in the solution of a variety of algebraic problems, such as determining the square root of a number.

After Autolycus’ ‘On the Moving Sphere,’ The Elements is the second oldest Greek mathematical treatise still in existence, and it has played an important role in the development of logic and contemporary science.

‘Elements,’ first printed in Venice in 1482, is one of the first mathematical works printed after the development of the printing press.

It is widely regarded as the most successful and influential textbook ever published, second only to the Holy Bible in terms of the number of editions published. Since the invention of printing, it is estimated that over 1000 editions of ‘Elements’ have been published.

## His Other Projects

Euclid’s most renowned work, ‘Elements,’ continues to impact mathematics to this day, although he also published a number of other volumes. At least five of Euclid’s works have survived until the present day.

Data: This book contains 94 assertions that primarily address the nature and consequences of “given” information in geometrical issues.

On Figure Divisions: Another major book by Euclid, but only a portion of it survives in Arabic translation. It looks like a work by ‘Heron of Alexandria’ (3rd century).

Another important development linked to the mathematical theory of mirrors is catoptrics. However, J J O’Connor and E F Robertson believe that ‘Theon of Alexandria’ is the true author.

Phaenomena: It illuminates the field of spherical astronomy. It’s extremely similar to Autolycus of Pitane’s ‘On the Moving Sphere,’ which was written in 310 BC.

Optics: This work is the first surviving Greek treatise on perspective and imparts knowledge about perspective theory.

Apart from the five existing works mentioned above, Euclid is credited with a number of other writings that have since been lost. ‘Conics,’ ‘Porisms,’ ‘Pseudaria,’ and ‘Surface Loci’ are the four types. In addition to these, Euclid is credited with writing a number of works on mechanics, according to various Arabic sources.

## Personal History and Legacy

Euclid’s personal life is shrouded in mystery due to a lack of evidence and archives, although historians estimate he died around 260 B.C.

Campanus eventually translated his most renowned book, “The Element,” from Arabic to Latin. The first printed edition of the same was published in Venice in 1482.

John Dee translated “The Element” into English in 1570. Dee’s lectures rekindled interest in mathematics in the United Kingdom.

In 1733, an Italian mathematician named Girolamo Saccheri strove for years to outdo Euclid’s work, but his efforts were useless because he couldn’t identify a single mistake in Euclid’s theories. He eventually gave up and wrote, “Euclid Cleared of All Flaws.”

Euclid left a massive legacy in his wake. Abraham Lincoln, for example, was inspired by him and carried “The Elements” with him everywhere he went, quoting the genius in his speeches.

Euclid influenced famous philosophers and mathematicians like Newton and Descartes, who used Elucid’s format and organization to present their philosophical writings. They, like Elucid, progressed from simple ideas to more complex notions.

## Top Ten Euclid Facts You Didn’t Know

“Euclid” is a Greek word that means “famous, glorious.”

From the time of its release until the early twentieth century, his book ‘Elements’ was the primary textbook for teaching mathematics.

From Archimedes onward, most other Greek mathematicians referred to him as “the creator of Elements,” rather than by name.

Some researchers believe that Euclid was not a historical figure and that his writings were authored by a group of mathematicians who used the name Euclid collectively. However, there isn’t much data to back up this theory.

The first known Greek dissertation on the perspective of optics was Euclid’s Optics.

In Arabic translation, his work ‘Divisions of Figures’ only survived in half.

Arabian authors wrote a lengthy biography of Euclid, yet experts believe the work is entirely fake.

Euclid was frequently confused by medieval translators and editors with the philosopher Eukleides of Megara, who lived roughly a century before him.

To distinguish it from other so-called non-Euclidean geometries found by mathematicians in the 19th century, the mathematical system he outlined in the ‘Elements’ is referred to as Euclidean geometry.

‘Elements’ is widely regarded as one of the most widely translated, published, and studied texts ever written in the Western world.

## Estimated Net worth

Euclid Kyurdzidis is one of the wealthiest and most well-known stage actors. Euclid Kyurdzidis’ net worth is estimated to be $1.5 million, according to Wikipedia, Forbes, and Business Insider.